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Virginia Again Takes a Shine to Gold

New technologies boost prospecting prospects

GOLDVEIN, VIRGINIA _ The Commonwealth of Virginia traces its roots to the perennial quest for gold. England’s King James I chartered what would become the Virginia Company in 1606 in a colonizing pursuit of gold, spices and land. While land was abundant, there were no discoveries of spices or gold.  

Renewed buzz about prospects for Virginia gold was prompted by a future U.S. president, Thomas Jefferson, publicizing in 1782 the discovery of a 1.8-kilogram gold-bearing rock on the north side of the Rappahannock River. But the precious metal was not found in abundance within the borders of Virginia until the early 19th century.

Two gold nuggets on display at the Smithsonian Museum of Natural History from the mid-19th-century Whitehall mine in Spotsylvania County, Virginia, the site of the state’s first discovery of a lode deposit. The bottom nugget is about 12 cm long.  

Gold mining in Virginia peaked as the third-largest producing state in the country yielded hundreds of commercial caches north of the James River in the 225-kilometer-long Pyrite Belt. Much of the gold from the state was shipped to the U.S. Mint in Philadelphia, helping to wean the young nation off foreign coinage and private tokens as legal tender. The Virginia boom went bust from 1848 when the California gold rush compelled serious speculators to go west. 

 A Long Tom sluice and a rocker box used in place of mining on display adjacent to the ruins of the Goodwin gold mine at Lake Anna State Park in Spotsylvania County, Virginia.  

Nowadays, there are limited opportunities in Virginia to experience gold fever. Fauquier County’s Gold Mining Camp Museum, at Monroe Park in Goldvein, allows visitors to try their luck at a sluice after purchasing bags of gems. The park is also home to artifacts found at one of the 19 mines that operated within an eight-kilometer radius. 

 On display at the Gold Mining Camp Museum, a pair of large hollow spheres, known as Hornet Balls. They were likely used by gold miners in Fauquier County, Virginia, to crush chunks of ore into pebbles.  

At Lake Anna State Park in Spotsylvania County, rangers escort visitors to a semi-clandestine spot adjacent to the old Goodwin gold mine to work a pan in a pond and see what washes up.  

“I’m going to start to shake and agitate the material because I want the heavy gold to sink to the bottom,” says chief ranger Lauri Schular as she demonstrates the basic technique with pan in hand at the park’s Old Pond.  

Those lucky enough to spot specks of gold will, however, leave empty-handed. All discoveries in the Virginia state park must remain on the premises.  

Lake Anna State Park chief ranger Lauri Schular holds a rock and a pan that are part of the Virginia park’s exhibition on the area’s gold mining history.  

Potential prospectors do get a consolation prize from Schular: a free lesson on the benefits ofgold, which is a reliable and constant conductor of electricity that does not oxidize.  

“That makes it great for all of our electronics that we want to close up and never open. So, don’t go home and take things apart. It’s not going to make you rich. It’s a thin coating,” she explains.  

If you want to try to strike it rich in Virginia these days mining for gold, you are going to have to set aside the pan, invest in expensive equipment and convince a landowner to allow you to prospect.  

Paul Busch has accomplished that as Virginia’s only licensed commercial miner and apparently the first one since the late 1940s.   

Nineteenth century miners’ trash is his treasure, piled high in Goochland County at the site of a mine with extensive mercury contamination that closed down in 1936. Back then, gold was worth around $35 an ounce [28.35 grams]. These days it is about $2,000 an ounce.  

Licensed Virginia gold miner Paul Busch at his Goochland County, Virginia, reclamation site displays a rock tossed aside by previous prospectors that contains enough gold to process with modern technology and higher prices.  

“Anything under an ounce per ton on an average to them wasn’t worth running and processing. They knew they were losing 50- to 60% of their gold in their tailings already. They could only process 20 tons in 24 hours,” Busch, owner of Big Dawg Resources, explains, standing aside a hill of soil. “Any stone that was underground that they removed that was under an ounce per ton to them was garbage.”   

Busch is going through those piles of stones again with machinery he says can extract as much as $800 worth of gold a minute. He is also cleaning up the mercury contamination and filling in any pits and shafts that still may be hazardous.  

“There’s the potential for there to be a second gold mining boom to an extent” here, even though Virginia does not have large deposits, according to Busch. “For a small mining operation, there are a lot of veins out there that have been found over the years that could be highly profitable.”

Gold in the pan in the Old Dominion.

 One new discovery in Buckingham County is attracting attention.  

“You can see little specks of gold here and there,” says Thomas Ullrich as he peers through a hand lens to inspect a specimen he has chipped off a big rock in Buckingham County. 

VOA videographer Adam Greenbaum (left) records Aston Bay Holdings CEO Thomas Ullrich as the geologist uses a hand lens to inspect a rock sample in Buckingham County, Virginia.  

Ullrich, a geologist and chief executive officer of Canada’s publicly traded Aston Bay Holdings, has zeroed in on a quartz vein only 2-meters wide but spanning the length of a couple of city blocks. Several multi-ton boulders are visible above the surface. He discusses the potential of the site alongside one of those quartz-veined metavolcanic rocks that would likely yield nearly a couple of ounces of gold after extraction. At the current market rate, that would add up to nearly $4,000.   

“Gold-bearing veins of ounce-plus grade, these have a value of tens to hundreds of millions of dollars. It’s too early to say anything like that about anything here at Buckingham, but we are very encouraged by what we’re seeing so far,” Ullrich tells VOA.  

“The success rate for prospects going to mine is very poor,” Ullrich acknowledges. But based on what he has inspected in Buckingham County, “our odds are greatly improved here.”  

The Newsguy -- Steve Herman
The Newsguy -- Steve Herman
Steve Herman